Admission Tests Preparation

CogAT Question Types Explained

Is your child preparing for the CogAT? If so, read on for a full list of the various question types found on the CogAT Form 7. Familiarizing your child with CogAT questions will help him/her understand how to approach the test on the day of the test.
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About the CogAT

The CogAT test is used to assess a student's academic-related abilities. It is used to assess a student's reasoning skills that developed during the course of his/her education, and not to assess intelligence. This assessment may cover areas that may not have been taught. Such cognitive skills are not particular to one area, rather they are skills that are utilized within the scope of a student's academic experiences. Additionally, the CogAT is used to evaluate a student's school-related skills, such as following directions, focusing, and listening.

The CogAT is made up three sections (or batteries):

These batteries are further broken down into subtests, as you can see in the table below.

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CogAT Form 7 Batteries

Battery Subtests
Verbal Picture/Verbal Analogies*
Sentence Completion
Picture/Verbal Classification*
QuantitativeNumber Analogies
Number Series
Number Puzzles
NonverbalFigure Matrices
Figure Classification
Paper Folding

*Primary levels (5/6-8) contain Picture Analogies and Picture Classification. Higher levels contain Verbal Analogies and Verbal Classification.

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CogAT Verbal

The CogAT Verbal Battery is made up of three tests:
  • Sentence Completion
  • Picture/Verbal Classification
  • Picture/Verbal Analogies

For the primary levels, both the Picture Analogies and the Picture Classification items are picture-based. This assesses students’ verbal abilities without actually requiring students to use language skills. In Sentence Completion section, the teacher (or instructor) reads a sentence, with a word missing, aloud and then the students select an image which most suitably completes the sentence.

In the higher levels (9 and up), students are required to read individual words in the Verbal Analogies and the Verbal Classification sections, and sentences in the Sentence Completion section.

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CogAT Quantitative

The CogAT Quantitative Battery is made up of three subtests:
  • Number Analogies
  • Number Puzzles
  • Number Series

Number Analogies require students to determine which of the answer choice is analogous to the numbers (pictures for primary levels) in the question. In the Number Puzzles section students are required to solve simple equations by selecting the answer choice that makes the amounts on either side of the equal sign the same. Lastly, the questions in the Number Series section require students to determine the next number in a series based on the pattern present.

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CogAT Nonverbal

The CogAT Nonverbal Battery is made up of three tests:
  • Figure Matrices
  • Paper Folding
  • Figure Classification

The types of questions on subtests of the Nonverbal Battery are similar at all the levels. In the Figure Matrices section, three figures are presented as an analogy which the student must complete. Paper Folding questions require the student to figure out how a hole-punched, folded paper will appear when it is unfolded. The questions in the Figure Classification section present three figures and the student is to select the answer choice that is supposed to be the fourth figure of the set.

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Number of Questions on the CogAT 7 by Level

The CogAT has a varying number of questions depending on the level. Read the table below for further information:

5/67 8 910-18
CogAT 7118136 154170176

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