Note: the SBAC Practice Pack is NOT included in our Premium Membership.

Practice for the SBAC Math Test

The SBAC Math test is one of two sections appearing on the SBAC exam. Understanding the test—its structure, content, and question types—is a necessary factor in the preparation process. Just as all the SBAC forms of assessments adhere to the Common Core Standards, the SBAC Mathematics summative assessment does the same. The Summative SBACs are given to students in elementary school years, carry through junior high years, and are given a final time in grade 11. Exposure to SBAC practice tests throughout these years is key to ensuring success on the SBAC Math test as well as the SBAC test as a whole.

To adhere to the Common Core Standards, the SBAC board of educators designed a list of content claims and target claims that guide each test question. Understanding these content claims and targets is another component that can positively influence your child's results on the SBAC Math test. 

SBAC Math Claims and Targets

The general SBAC math claim requires students to show mathematical progress toward college readiness and future careers. By 11th grade, the content claim states that students must demonstrate college and career readiness IN mathematics.

There are four target claims that indicate content claim achievement:

  1. Concepts and procedures: students will demonstrate their ability to explain and apply mathematical concepts and implement mathematical procedures.
  2. Problem solving: students will demonstrate their ability to solve complex mathematical problems and applied mathematics, as well as demonstrate an application of problem solving strategies.
  3. Communicating reasoning: students will demonstrate their ability to construct reasoning and support their answers and counterarguments.
  4. Modeling and data analysis: students will demonstrate their ability to analyze real-world scenarios and apply mathematical knowledge to interpret and solve those problems.

In order to ensure that your child reaches these content claims and targets, it is important that he or she is exposed to an adequate amount of SBAC practice tests and sets aside enough preparation time. For top-notch SBAC practice and more information about navigating the SBAC testing process, visit our SBAC Practice page.

SBAC Math Test Format

There are two methods utilized in test administration:

  • Performance Task (PT)
  • Computer Adaptive Test (CAT)

The CAT administers the same number of questions to all students. However, the difficulty level of the questions depends on the students' responses. This means that test questions will increase in difficulty as students progressively answer questions correctly, or decrease in difficulty as they answer questions incorrectly.

SBAC Math Question Types

Each grade has its own breakdown of test items that correspond to the SBAC's content claims. Additionally, each test item has its own target benchmarks that students are meant to reach. The lists below detail the areas of study distributed throughout the test items per grade.

Subject Types by Grade Level

Grade Subject
3rd Grade
  • Operations & algebraic thinking
  • Number & operations using a 10 base
  • Number & operations using fractions
  • Geometry
4th Grade
  • Operations & algebraic thinking
  • Number & operations using a 10 base
  • Number & operations using fractions
  • Geometry
  • Measurement & data operations
5th Grade
  • Same subject breakdown as 4th grade, with more advanced question types
6th-8th Grade
  • Ratios and proportional relationships
  • The number system
  • Expressions and equations
  • Geometry
  • Statistics and probability
11th Grade*
  • Number and quantity
  • Algebra
  • Functions
  • Geometry
  • Statistics and probability

*Results of SBAC tests in 11th grade are meant to portray if a student has reached the benchmarks necessary for college courses and career choices. The level of complexity across test items increases significantly in 11th grade.

The SBAC Math test sets forth a demanding request of mathematical skill and knowledge making practice and time a crucial factor in proper preparation. To receive proper exposure and practice, visit our SBAC Practice Test page.

SBAC Math Scores

A total SBAC mathematics score is calculated, essentially weighing composites based on the student’s performance across the four domain-specific claims. The total mathematics score is vertically scaled across grades. The math score is then factored into a scale score, which reports the raw score of both SBAC Math and ELA tests. The scale score is then converted into achievement levels, which rank student performance from Level 1 to Level 4. Visit our SBAC Practice page to learn more.

Prepare for the SBAC Tests

Because the SBAC tests are detailed and use technologically advanced testing methods, it is important that your child get proper exposure and practice for all sections of the SBAC tests. No matter which level of the SBAC your child might be taking this year, TestPrep-Online is here to help. With TestPrep-Online’s SBAC practice tests for 3rd–5th grade, 6th–8th grade, and 11th grade, your child will receive top-notch and authentic practice tests that will ensure his or her success on test day.

The OLSAT, NNAT, CogAT, New York City Gifted and Talented Test, ITBS, SBAC, and other trademarks are the property of their respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with TestPrep-Online or this website.


Need Help question mark
minimize close
Need Help question mark
Please fill out the form below and we will contact you soon.
Your message was sent. We will contact you shortly.
There was a problem sending your message. Please try again in a few minutes.